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Germany surrenders: WWI is over (1918)

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GERMANY HAS SURRENDERED;
WORLD WAR ENDED AT 6 A M.

Armistice Signed By Hun Envoys At Midnight

Official Announcement From Washington Declares End of Great Struggle

Hostilities Cease on West Front as Germans Yield to Allied Terms

Germans Must Withdraw Soldiers Immediately From Alsace-Lorraine Occupied Territory in France and Belgium Must Be Evacuated and Enemy’s Army Demobilized

Allies to Get Part of High Seas Fleet and U-Boats

WASHINGTON, Nov. 11 [1918] – The armistice has been signed. The State Department announced the signing at 2:45 o’clock this morning. There was no announcement as to whether hostilities had ceased or the hour at which they would cease. The world war will end this morning at 6 o’clock, Washington time, 11 o’clock Paris time.

The armistice was signed by the German representatives at midnight. This announcement was made by the State Department at 2:50 o’clock this morning.

The announcement was made verbally by an official of the State Department in this form: “The armistice has been signed. It was signed at 5 o’clock am, Paris time, and hostilities will cease at 11 o’clock this morning, Paris time.

The terms of the armistice, it was announced, will not be made public until later. Military men here, however, regard it as certain that they include:

Immediate retirement of the German military forces from France, Belgium and Alsace Lorraine.

Disarming and demobilization of the German armies.

Occupation by the Allied and American forces of such strategic points in Germany as will make impossible a renewal of hostilities. Delivery of part of the German High Seas Fleet and a certain number of submarines to the Allied and American naval forces.

Disarmament of all other German warships under supervision of the Allied and American navies, which will guard them.

Occupation of the principal German naval bases by sea forces of the victorious nations. Release of Allied and American soldiers, sailors and civilians held prisoners in Germany without such reciprocal action by the associated governments.

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There was no information as to the circumstances under which the armistice was signed, but since the German courier did not reach German Military Headquarters until 10 o’clock yesterday morning, French time, it was generally assumed here that the German envoys within the French lines had been instructed by wireless to sign the terms.

Forty-seven hours had been required for the courier to reach German headquarters and unquestionably several hours were necessary for the examination of the terms and a decision. It was regarded as possible, however, that the decision may have been made at Berlin and instructions transmitted from there by the new German government.

Germany has been given until 11 o’clock this morning, French time, or 6 o’clock Washington time, to accept. So hostilities will end at the hour set by Marshal Foch for a decision by Germany for peace or for continuation of the war.

The momentous news that the armistice had been signed was telephoned to the White House for transmission to the President a few minutes before it was given to the newspaper correspondents. Later it was said there would be no statement from the White House at this time.

 

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Top photo: New Yorkers celebrates the end of WWI on the streets of NYC on November 11, 1918. Photo by Wide World Photos.

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