Vintage recipes: Cooking terms and definitions

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Apollinaris water: A naturally sparkling mineral water from Germany. (Read more)

Comfits: Candy-coated nuts, seeds, fruits or spices. (Jordan almonds would be considered large comfits.)

Forcemeat:  A mixture of ground raw or cooked meat/poultry/fish, mixed with vegetables, bread crumbs and spices or seasonings. (Read more)

Gill: Generally considered to be 5 liquid ounces, or a quarter of a British pint (which is 20 ounces vs the US 16 ounces), or half an Imperial cup measure… however, depending on when the recipe was written, it could mean a quarter of an American pint, which would make it 4 liquid ounces, or half a cup.

Oleo: Margarine (also listed as oleomargarine)

Paraffin paper: Waxed paper

Saleratus: A leavening agent — potassium bicarbonate or sodium bicarbonate, aka baking soda. First known use of the term was in 1837.

Top of the bottle: The rich cream that rises to the top of a glass bottle of whole milk.

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