Harriet Tubman was born Araminta Ross — nicknamed “Minty” — around 1820-1823.
In the words of the Library of Congress, “Harriet Tubman was a runaway slave from Maryland who became known as the ‘Moses of her people.’
“Over the course of 10 years, and at great personal risk, she led hundreds of slaves to freedom along the Underground Railroad, a secret network of safe houses where runaway slaves could stay on their journey north to freedom.
“She later became a leader in the abolitionist movement, and during the Civil War, she was a spy for the federal forces in South Carolina as well as a nurse.”
Harriet Tubman: The notable career of a slave
Harriet T Davis – Scout, Spy, War Nurse and Underground Railway Manager
Scout, spy, war nurse, “underground railroad” manager, a memorable figure of the civil war period has passed away in the death of Harriet Tubman Davis at Auburn, NY.
Harriet Tubman was born a slave in Maryland. Of Ashantee blood, descendant of tribal chiefs, she possessed an unconquerable spirit and immense physical strength, surpassing that of most men. To avoid being “sold south” in her youth, she followed the north star of freedom, but soon was back teaching other negroes the road she had trod.
Rewards amounting to $40,000 were offered in Virginia and Maryland for her arrest. Harriet Tubman was invaluable as an “underground railroad” agent in the north.
While in this work she led the mob that rescued Charles Nalle, a fugitive slave, in Troy. Though beaten upon the head by policemen’s billies, she thrashed two of them and aided the rescue with her mighty muscles.
In her station of the Underground at Auburn, with the financial support of William H Seward, she sent many a refugee to Canada.
Appointed as a nurse to Colonel Shaw’s famous negro regiment in 1863, she soon appeared in a new capacity as a scout for the union troops.
In 1894, she founded the Harriet Tubman Davis Home for indigent aged negroes, where she herself died at the supposed age of 98. – New York World