14 pictures of early office cubicles & retro open plan office layouts (1975)

14 pictures of early office cubicles & retro open plan office layouts (1975)

The working environment that works

In the past decade alone, great strides have been made in the computer sciences, the technology of copying and in word processing. We continue to be challenged by new dimensions in the dissemination and processing of information.

A practical working environment engineered to accommodate the shifting relationships, workloads and varying responsibilities demanded by today’s businesses and institutions.

14 pictures of early office cubicles & retro open plan office layouts (1975)


The office — a tool

The office is no longer viewed and revered as a static fixture — immovable and resistant to change. But rather it is a dynamic, living and breathing “tool” to be used as a responsive vehicle to the challenge of change.

Old-fashioned office floorplans from the '70s


The open plan office

As a response to the dynamics of change, the open plan office was created.

Philosophically, it first concerns itself with analysis and evaluation of the organization under study. It delves into the flow of information. How do the people communicate? What systems and procedures are used or should be employed to make the office’s workflow efficiently? What administrative support systems are required?

The open plan office


Flexibility with open plan office furniture

The concept of open office planning must concern itself with space.

By controlling the level and intensity of sound, the open office is an exciting and vibrant work environment. Enough sound to experience involvement, but sufficiently subdued to work and converse in both reasonable and practical privacy.

Flexibility with open plan office furniture


Energy conservation

The logic of open offices is greatly reinforced because of today’s critical energy problems.

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Swimsuits, sleepwear & '70s lingerie from the 1973 JC Penney catalog

How does a space planning system conserve energy? — By the emphasis on a relatively low number of lumens per square foot of ceiling lighting, and greater emphasis on “task” lighting at the work surface where greater light intensity is needed.

The trend is “up” or indirect lighting from the work station and the total elimination of ceiling lights. The open plan allows for a reappraisal of lighting concepts, to reduce wattage used and heat generated from overhead lights.

Open office plans with vintage cubes

A ’70s designer dream house: The American Home of 1974

Heating and air conditioning is more easily controlled in the open plan.

It is no longer required to have separate zone controls for large numbers of individual offices. The large single open office spaces are not inhibited by ceiling-high walls. Control of energy use is therefore greatly enhanced and resultant savings can be attained.

Retro open office plan furniture from the seventies


Planning for people

Planning for human considerations is like planning the management of our most important asset — People.

The good open office plan concerns itself with the behavioral aspects that motivate people. It doesn’t mean to placate the “whims” of the worker but to realistically analyze the needs of people as related to the environment in which people will be immersed. For this environment is directly related to the efficiency and productivity of the office worker.

Office cubicles in the mid-1970s

A cubicle for a waiting area

Creative use of decorative fabric panels stimulates and enlivens this area. The impression of openness provided by the glass panel in the far corner becomes a focal point for both the reception room and the main corridor. Always a warm, bright, and open environment to work in and visit.

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Stylish '80s shoes for men from the 1983 JC Penney catalog

Vintage office reception area


Economics of change and facilities

After analyzing original investment cost, maintenance or operating costs, and the heavy costs related to personnel and the potential cost impact of increasing efficiency and productivity, you then should delve deeply into the cost of changing the layout.

Flexibility is a must, because change in today’s world is inevitable.

Documented figures show that major change in traditional office layouts can cost from a low of $6.00 per square foot of floor space to as much as $25.00 per square foot. These figures compare with major changes within the broad spectrum of the open office of only 100 to 750 per square foot.

The Westinghouse ASD Group system is among the easiest and least expensive to alter and rearrange because of the simple universal post connections and the simplicity of hanging and removing components.

Future flexibility then is as important as — and may even be more important than — first cost in the economics of open offices.

A good system of open plan offices is responsive to each user’s needs. One of the country’s leading insurance executives explains the approach this way: “The open plan system is a disciplinary framework which restricts unwanted clutter, yet is permissive enough to allow greater freedom of expression for both the individual and the organization.”

And, when form follows function, the result is beauty, as well as efficiency.

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See some of the hippest vintage '70s dresses & skirts from the spring/summer 1973 JC Penney catalog

1970s business office layouts


Concept furniture

An open plan system is a composite of the concept (software) and the furniture (hardware). You must buy the rationale before you buy the hardware, because the analysis of your needs in these ever-changing times will determine what products you require to meet your firm’s needs and requirements.

Vintage office open plan system with cubicles

Basically, the hardware consists of a variety of panels, both acoustical and hard-surfaced, that are offered in various heights and include an ability to hang various needed components from the panels.

The components include work surfaces, case goods, shelves, tackboards, display shelves, paper organizers, a system of drawers, lights, wardrobes, chalkboards, tackboards and a variety of miscellaneous accessories.

The way offices used to look: Vintage office furniture and sleek mid-century modern desks from 1959


This is the Westinghouse ASD Group

The system that will work for you is the ASD Group. Its great charm comes from its exceptional adaptability, the cheerful, open, informal work arrangements, and the freedom from monotony even in large groupings of workers.

The pages [here] describe many of the individual features which make it worth your while to consider the use of Westinghouse ASD Group in your office.

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