Into the last water in which the clothes are rinsed, stir a handful of salt. This will make them less apt to freeze and will also keep them from sticking to the line in winter weather.
To prevent calico and other prints from fading, before washing, dip in a pail of well-salted water and let dry; the salt water will set the colors, and if done before the garments have been wet for the first time, will not need repeating.
For washing delicate flannels or ribbons, grate two potatoes into a basin of water, rinse with the hands, rubbing the potato between the hands, until the starch is out of the pulp, then strain, and use the clear water for the article; use no soap.
For the mud stains, before wetting the skirts or other articles, wet a piece of cloth in alcohol and rub the spots; or, if the garment can be washed, wash the stained part in potato water, then wash as usual.
To remove varnish stains, wet the stains with alcohol and rub with a soft cloth; repeat until the stain is removed, then wash with a hot solution of soda — one teaspoonful of sal soda to a pint of hot water.
Chocolate or cocoa stains may he removed by sprinkling the stain with powdered borax; soak in cold water, then pour boiling water over the stain.
Good ironing is a matter of experience as well as skill, and if one could spend a few weeks in a well-conducted laundry, it would be a revelation. Woolen, or part woolen goods, silk, or part silk, must not be ironed with a very hot flat-iron.